The APEC 2018 Committee on Safety & Security (COSS) was directed by resolution of the members of the Committee to develop an overarching Safety & Security Planning Guide for the incoming APEC 2018 Leaders meeting and lead up meeting. The Planning Guide was prepared after several stakeholder consultations within the Committee and various workshop arranged by the COSS Secretariat that included National Airports Corporation (NAC) and other agencies charged with providing high levels of safety and security for major national events.
The National Airports Corporation (NAC) agrees with the principles under the APEC Concept of Operations (CONOPS) and in conjunction with the key points set out regarding the basic Security Strategy requirements identified from the internal risk assessment conducted by NAC and relevant airport stakeholders.
Seen as a significant security requirement for normal operations and also Capability & Capacity building for Airport Police at the key airports is seen as critical especially around Counter Terrorism First Response (CTFR) and Intelligence sharing capability. NAC has identified Civil Unrest, Protests on Airport Precinct as a key risk especially during the forthcoming APEC meetings. Training, support and Equipment (e.g. Customised Crowd Control Vehicles, Batons, and Personal Protective Equipment etc.) for managing and responding to these sort of situations is seen as important.
NAC is providing new office accommodation for RPNGC including SSD and Australian Federal Police (AFP) in the middle of the International and Domestic Terminal Buildings at Port Moresby (Jacksons) International Airport.
The Australian Federal Police are seen as a good partner in this respect as Australian Major Security Designated already have on site CTFR resourcing combined with Airport Police Force presence. The AFP together with NAC have been conducting trainings at Regional Airports including Madang, Gurney, Kokopo and Nadzab in Lae. The training for the thirty (30) NAC’s Police Reservists is underway and this was possible through the MOU signed by the RPNGC and NAC.
Developing multi agency capability for the routine and specific assessment of risk and threats is seen as an area where capability development would help the various agencies take a more informed and coordinated approach to operational and planning requirements to minimise risk.
The Aviation Sector Security Working Group (ASSWG) has been established through the Joint Security Task Force (JSTF) which includes NAC, CASA, PNGASL, CIQ, Defence, Department of Transport, Department of Foreign Affairs and Airlines which usually meet on weekly basis to assess the current risk register and advise JTF accordingly should there be any concern.
NAC’s Certified Airports have current Airport Emergency Plans in place with onsite Rescue and Fire Fighting Capability. During the Port Moresby International Airport Emergency Exercise in 2016, it was observed that the Emergency Services including RPNGC, St Johns Ambulance Civil Fire Service were underequipped to deal with the eventuality of a real disaster either on airport or off airport. Training & Capability building in these areas for remote command and emergency response from the Civil Police, Fire and Ambulance Authorities is seen as critical.
The provision of properly kitted out Emergency Response Command and Response vehicles in identified provinces where APEC events are being hosted as well as effective incident Command and Control are seen as essential.
The support, training and development of National Disaster Response and Recovery Plan is deemed critical in order to effectively respond to any natural, aviation or security related incidents leading to Major disaster. For e.g. if a B737 crash were to happen in Port Moresby CBD and how effective would the response be from the Civil Police, Fire and Ambulance Authorities.
Port Moresby International Airport has a robust development and capital replacement programme in place to enhance overall security through resourcing and facilities at the airport. PMIA also has a mature Airport Security Committee which operates in the absence of a working and established National Aviation Security Committee.
The PMIA ASC has conducted internal risk assessment and identified in detail the measures required to mitigate risks related to the APEC event however these are also viewed as ‘normal’ operations or ‘business as usual’.
Specific requirements at other Regional Airports are met with serious funding challenges with NAC currently working through a number of Airport Certification exercises to meet the requirements of Civil Aviation Rule Part 140/Part 139. Significant investment is required in areas such as resourcing, security screening and passive security measures such as fencing, barriers etc.
With the detail of the APEC events not fully understood in relation to ‘Airport’ specific requirements. Support and partial/full funding provision for detailed risk and threat assessment, resourcing and equipment solutions is required.